STDs & STIs

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be spread when you've had sex without a condom. This section will break down what the different types are, what the symptoms are and how they can be treated.

Facts

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Candida

Candida is a fungal infection. It’s also known as yeast infection, Candidiasis, thrush, or genital Candidosis.
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Scabies

Scabies is a very itchy, contagious skin infection caused by the scabies mite.
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Pubic lice

Pubic lice are also known as ‘crabs’. Pubic lice are small parasites that dig underneath your skin, and feed on your blood.
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Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is also known as ‘trich’. It’s an STD that affects both women and men, but women are more likely to have symptoms.
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HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
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Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a contagious liver disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.
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Water warts

Water warts are caused by a virus called molluscum contagiosum. It’s a common viral infection that affects skin. If you become infected, your skin develops fluid-filled blisters.
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Genital herpes

Genital herpes is an STD caused by two different types of herpes simplex virus (HSV). It looks like a cold sore or blister. While the virus is highly contagious, most people who have it don't get the cold sores or blisters.
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Genital warts

Genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It’s one of the most common STDs worldwide.
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Syphilis

Syphilis is an STD caused by a bacterium called Treponema palliduium. It’s known as the ‘great imitator’ because its symptoms are often hard to distinguish from other STDs.
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Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is caused by bacteria called Niesseria gonorrhoeae. It's very contagious. It can infect your throat, urethra (tube where urine comes from), vagina, and anus.
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Chlamydia

Chlamydia is an STD caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.