STDs & STIs

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be spread when you've had sex without a condom. This section will break down what the different types are, what the symptoms are and how they can be treated.

Facts

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Candida

Candida is a fungal infection. It’s also known as yeast infection, Candidiasis, thrush, or genital Candidosis.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Scabies

Scabies is a very itchy, contagious skin infection caused by the scabies mite.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Pubic lice

Pubic lice are also known as ‘crabs’. Pubic lice are small parasites that dig underneath your skin, and feed on your blood.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is also known as ‘trich’. It’s an STD that affects both women and men, but women are more likely to have symptoms.
Man's hand with AIDS ribbon

HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which causes AIDS. AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a contagious liver disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Water warts

Water warts are caused by a virus called molluscum contagiosum. It’s a common viral infection that affects skin. If you become infected, your skin develops fluid-filled blisters.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Genital herpes

Genital herpes is an STD caused by two different types of herpes simplex virus (HSV). It looks like a cold sore or blister. While the virus is highly contagious, most people who have it don't get the cold sores or blisters.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Genital warts

Genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It’s one of the most common STDs worldwide.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Syphilis

Syphilis is an STD caused by a bacterium called Treponema palliduium. It’s known as the ‘great imitator’ because its symptoms are often hard to distinguish from other STDs.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is caused by bacteria called Niesseria gonorrhoeae. It's very contagious. It can infect your throat, urethra (tube where urine comes from), vagina, and anus.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is an STD caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.